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For this diary, we take you to Massachusetts, the birthplace of the gerrymander.  For those that don't know, the word "gerrymander" was named after a redrawn State Senate map approved by Gov. Elbridge Gerry (Democratic-Republican) in 1812 that produced a district in Massachusetts' North Shore that resembled a wyrm or a salamander in order to bolster the Democratic-Republican Party.  Here's the famous political cartoon of this district from a pro-Federalist newspaper:

 photo The_Gerry-Mander_Edit.png

Needless to say, it worked.  Despite narrowly losing the Presidential Election of 1812, the Federalist Party ticket (led by DeWitt Clinton) won Massachusetts in a landslide (and they picked up the Governor's office and the MA State House), but the State Senate remained fully in Democratic-Republican control.

In 2011, Massachusetts Democrats redrew the state in a Democratic gerrymander.  However, for the most part, their aim was more towards patronage than partisan intent.  Although they drew 9 districts with a definite Dem lean, a few are more wobbly than I'd like.  One district (MA-06) was made a bit less Dem to the peril of embattled Democrat John Tierney (who has a bunch of crooks as in-laws that were eager to drag him down with them).  Another district (MA-04) was drawn a little less Dem and encouraged Barney Frank to retire earlier than he was hoping to.  However, they did shore up Bill Keating in his Cape Cod and Plymouth-based district and Niki Tsongas in her Middlesex County-based district.  Of course, since Massachusetts had to lose a seat, John Olver and Richard Neal were drawn together in the western part of the state (Olver was retiring, though).  Here's the map:

 photo c75048cf-3fb0-4bf3-adf3-ae36d0023ec2_zps9d92f1da.jpg

Backstory aside, what I wanted to do in this diary is to show three purely hypothetical maps under three different scenarios: A. A Republican gerrymander.  B. A (more effective) Democratic gerrymander.  C. A court or commission-drawn map.

Maps and analysis below the fold.

Map 1: Republican Gerrymander

 photo MAGOPgerrymanderwhole_zpsf4878363.jpg

Boston metro view:
 photo MAGOPgerrymanderBostonmetro_zps73d907c1.jpg

North-east view:
 photo MAGOPgerrymander6_zps8d55674e.jpg

Middlesex County view:
 photo MAGOPgerrymanderMiddlesex_zpsd9dd38de.jpg

MA-01 (blue): Richard Neal (D-Springfield)
70.3% Obama/27.5% McCain
62.4% Avg D/37.6% Avg R (Note: The Avg D vs. Avg R numbers are skewed rightwards as the formula was derived from Dem performance in 2010 where Dems did well, but Republicans did better than usual.)
Western Massachusetts had not voted Democratic for Congress until John Olver's victory in the 1991 special election to replace the late Rep. Silvio Conte.  Now, western MA is one of the most Democratic parts of the state.  In her Senate race in 2012, Elizabeth Warren won every town in Berkshire County and swept most of Franklin and Hampshire County.  In 2011 redistricting, Richard Neal of Springfield was drawn together with John Olver of Amherst (a process helped along by Olver's announcing retirement).  This map does the same, but makes the resulting MA-01 4-5% bluer.

MA-02 (green): Open
51.0% Obama/47.0% McCain
37.2% Avg D/62.8% Avg R
This district carves out the Republican parts of Hampshire County from around Springfield, takes in the purple and red parts of Worcester County, and ends in the reddish areas of Norfolk County.  This district would probably have only very narrowly voted for Obama in 2012.  Possible Republican candidates include St. Sen. Richard Ross, St. Sen. Michael Knapik, ex-Sen. Scott Brown (fat chance), and Worcester County Sheriff Lew Evangelidis.  There is a fairly good Democratic bench here too, but it would take a strong fight to win.

MA-03 (dark magenta): Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Worcester) and Rep. Niki Tsongas (D-Lowell)
63.0% Obama/35.2% McCain
50.6% Avg D/49.4% Avg R
Both congressmen are drawn together into a single, snaking district that also takes in Lawrence.  I'd have to imagine that Tsongas has more of her old territory here than McGovern, but McGovern has stronger support.

MA-04 (red): Rep. Ed Markey (D-Malden)
65.6% Obama/32.7% McCain
55.5% Avg D/44.5% Avg R
Ed Markey's district becomes bluer and reddens MA-06 by taking in Lynn, Salem, Beverly, Peabody, and Swampscott.

MA-05 (gold): Rep. Mike Capuano (D-Somerville)
80.8% Obama/17.7% McCain
74.6% Avg D/25.4% Avg R
It doesn't change a whole awful lot, but that's to be expected with a region that's dark blue and trapped inside of a blue suburban ring.

MA-06 (teal): Rep. John Tierney (D-Salem)
53.4% Obama/44.9% McCain
39.5% Avg D/60.5% Avg R
Tierney would have surely lost a district like this, but of course he would not even live in this iteration. It's actually only ~3% less Democratic the real MA-06 since once you leave Essex County, it's hard to find red area beyond Billerica and Tewksbury.

MA-07 (dark grey): Rep. Stephen Lynch (D-Boston)
67.2% Obama/31.2% McCain
57.7% Avg D/42.3% Avg R
His district gains Brookline and the blue suburbs of Framingham, Newton, and Quincy.

MA-08 (slate blue): Rep. Joe Kennedy III (D-Brookline)
63.9% Obama/34.3% McCain
52.2% Avg D/47.8% Avg R
Although Patrick Kennedy doesn't live here, it's not a far cry from the MA-04 he currently represents.  I tried to turn this into another R district by doing exchanges with MA-02, but I could only get it down to like 59% Obama.  So it stays as a final Dem vote sink, taking in Dukes and Nantucket County from MA-09 as well as Brockton, Randolph, and Sharon.

MA-09 (cyan): Rep. William Keating (D-Bourne)
52.1% Obama/46.4% McCain
39.8% Avg D/60.2% Avg R
Bill Keating could hold on in this district, but he'll have to campaign very hard to hold it.  It would be a Republican-leaning district in an open-seat scenario, that's for sure.

* * * * * * * * *
Map 2: A Stronger Democratic Gerrymander

 photo MADemgerrymanderwhole_zpsa696b177.jpg

Zoom in on North Shore:
 photo MADemgerrymanderEssex_zps393c1062.jpg

Zoom in on Boston metro area:
 photo MADemgerrymanderBostonmetro_zps8ea1d235.jpg

Zoom in on SE Massachusetts and the cape:
 photo MADemgerrymandercape2_zps5497a2a9.jpg

MA-01 (blue): Rep. Richard Neal (D-Springfield)
63.3% Obama/34.5% McCain
52.7% Avg D/47.3% Avg R
This district becomes a few points redder than the actual map by taking in none of Franklin County and only a minority of Hampshire County and absorbing tracts of red townships in Worcester County.

MA-02 (green): Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Worcester)
62.1% Obama/35.7% McCain
50.9% Avg D/40.1% Avg R
McGovern's district's Democratic strength is bolstered by Franklin County, Northampton, and Amherst.  The only risk for McGovern is a primary challenge from the west.  This is also a vast change from McGovern's 2003-2013 district which meandered from Worcester, went through a small part of Middlesex County, part of Norfolk County, and ended in Somerset in Bristol County.

MA-03 (dark magenta): Rep. Niki Tsongas (D-Lowell)
60.2 Obama/38.1% McCain
47.3% Avg D/52.7% Avg R
Tsongas' district doesn't change much from her real district, but it takes in red North Andover, loses portions of red Billerica and Tewksbury to MA-05, and extends southwards to take in all of solidly blue Framingham.

MA-04 (red): Rep. Joe Kennedy III (D-Brookline)
62.0% Obama/36.3% McCain
49.9% Avg D/50.1% Avg R
If Barney Frank really retired because of redistricting (rather than settling down with his husband), then he would have stayed in this district. It keeps all of very blue Fall River, Westport, and Dartmouth.

MA-05 (gold): Rep. Ed Markey (D-Malden)
62.1% Obama/36.3% McCain
51.7% Avg D/48.3% Avg R
This district becomes quite useful as it absorbs red areas like Walpole and North Reading, as well as parts of Billerica, Tewksbury, and Norfolk.

MA-06 (teal): Rep. John Tierney (D-Salem)
59.2% Obama/39.1% McCain
45.5% Avg D/54.5% Avg R
This district gets secure for Tierney as it gains light blue Haverhill and loses red North Andover.  It also gains blue Melrose and trails some into Suffolk County to take in blue Winthrop, Revere, and very blue Chelsea.  The great survivor of 2012 (many people had written him off for defeated when he stopped advertising in the last couple weeks) should be fine here.

MA-07 (dark grey): Rep. Mike Capuano (D-Somerville)
70.4% Obama/28.0% McCain
61.6% Avg D/38.4% Avg R
Capuano's district is unpacked to some of the light blue southern suburbs and the red interior of Plymouth County.  I must have made it about 15% less Democratic than Capuano's real district.

MA-08 (slate blue): Rep. Stephen Lynch (D-Boston)
60.9% Obama/37.7% McCain
49.8% Avg D/50.2% Avg R
I don't think this would be a realistic district as it has the bulk of Plymouth County in it, and I'm sure a Dem primary challenger from there would emerge against Lynch.  Not that it would necessarily be a bad thing, but he would probably not like it.

MA-09 (cyan): Rep. William Keating (D-Bourne)
59.6% Obama/38.8% McCain
47.5% Avg D/52.5% Avg R
Keating's district gives up much of Plymouth County (except for blue Brockton) and goes over to bluer Bristol County where it takes in New Bedford, Taunton, and finally comes to an end in very blue Randolph up in Norfolk County.  Bill Keating was shored up in the real Congressional map, but this does a better job of it.  His narrow victory over Republican Jeff Perry (who, as Sgt. of the Wareham PD in the 1990's, approved of a subordinate strip searching two minors) in 2010 was due to it being an open seat in what was then Massachusetts' least blue district with the Republican candidate being very well-funded.

* * * * * * * *
Map 3: Fair Map (Court-Drawn or Commission-Drawn)

 photo MAfairmapwholestateview_zpsd9930a46.jpg

Zoom in on Boston metro area:
 photo MAfairmapBostonmetro_zpsd79a52f5.jpg

MA-01 (blue): Rep. Richard Neal (D-Springfield)
66.8% Obama/31.1% McCain
57.6% Avg D/42.4% Avg R
I managed to draw this district without splitting a single town and came in only 53 under the required district population.  Most of Hampshire County is included in it and the small towns of Monroe and Rowe in Franklin County are included.

MA-02 (green): Rep. Jim McGovern (D-Worcester)
58.9% Obama/38.9% McCain
46.8% Avg D/53.2% Avg R
This districts takes in the remnants of western Massachusetts and the vast bulk of Worcester County.  McGovern will have to work a bit harder than usual to hold this district, but he should be fine.

MA-03 (dark magenta): Rep. Niki Tsongas (D-Lowell)
58.3% Obama/40.0% McCain
45.6% Avg D/54.4% Avg R
This district loses deep blue Lawrence over in Essex County to MA-06 (I'll explain why when I get to that district) and the only part of Essex County it keeps is a minority of Methuen.  Aside from that, it takes in all of the outer rings of Middlesex County and nowhere else.  I know county governments and borders are weak in Massachusetts, but I followed them anyway for the sake of neatness.  Tsongas would have to campaign relatively hard, but I think she's pretty entrenched now.

MA-04 (red): Rep. Joe Kennedy III (D-Brookline)
57.1% Obama/41.0% McCain
42.6% Avg D/57.4% Avg R
Kennedy doesn't live here, but he could run here if he wants to.  He was an astronomical fundraiser in 2012 and had a solid ground game.  It's made up of most of Bristol County (including part of New Bedford), a corner of Norfolk County, and the southern border region of Worcester County.  Republicans could actually win here, but it'll take a good year for them or a lousy Democratic candidate.

MA-05 (gold): Rep. Ed Markey (D-Malden)
68.6% Obama/29.7% McCain
60.2% Avg D/39.8% Avg R
This district is made up of the inner circle of Middlesex County (plus a piece of Brookline) and is very blue (partially because it has all of Cambridge).

MA-06 (teal): Rep. John Tierney (D-Salem)
59.6% Obama/38.8% McCain
45.5% Avg D/54.5% Avg R
I wanted this district to be all inside of Essex County (which is close to required district population itself) and it takes Andover, dark blue Lawrence, Haverhill, and the majority of Methuen.  It's actually a bit bluer like this than in my Democratic gerrymander.  Tierney would be very happy here.

MA-07 (dark grey): Rep. Mike Capuano (D-Somerville)
78.4% Obama/20.1% McCain
71.2% Avg D/28.8% Avg R
Capuano keeps his hometown of Somerville here in this district that includes most of Boston and Brookline.

MA-08 (slate blue): Rep. Stephen Lynch (D-Boston)
59.4% Obama/39.1% McCain
48.9% Avg D/51.1% Avg R
This district does not contain South Boston as Lynch would like and only includes the Boston neighborhoods of Roslindale, West Roxbury, and Hyde Park.  It then takes in the suburbs to the south in much of Norfolk County and bleeds over a little into Plymouth County.

MA-09 (cyan): Rep. William Keating (D-Bourne)
56.2% Obama/42.3% McCain
44.0% Avg D/46.0% Avg R
This district has the vast majority of Plymouth County and only most of New Bedford.  Keating should hold on fine here with robust campaigns, but he should not take it for granted.

* * * * * * * * *
Bonus: The First Gerrymander Re-Created

I have drawn up the district depicted in the famous "Gerry-mander" political cartoon in the past, but that was before Obama/McCain numbers were uploaded to DRA.  I also made the mistake of including all of modern-day Haverhill in it, when only the northern part of it was in the Gerry-mander (the southern part was the separate town of Bradford back in the early 19th century).  Now that's fixed:

 photo firstgerrymanderever_zps6c1d08fb.jpg

Drawn as a State Senate district back in 1812, this district would now comprise of 530,051 people today.  In 2008, it went 60.6%-37.8% for Obama.  Not bad, eh?

 photo Elbridge-gerry-painting_zps9966e12b.jpg

Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 2:41 PM PT: I decided to fix up the fair map some using suggestions from the comments.  Here is the revised fair map:
 photo MAFairMap2wholestateview_zps84a03c2f.jpg

Boston Metro:
 photo MAFairMap2Bostonmetro_zps6b563544.jpg

North Shore:
 photo MAFairMap2NorthShore_zps6372b494.jpg

Southeast Massachusetts and the cape:
 photo MAFairMap2SE_zpsf9d693b2.jpg

Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 6:34 PM PT: Here are the 2008 Presidential Election result statistics and 2010 average partisan performance for the revised fair map districts:

MA-01: 69.0%O/28.9%M; 60.8%D
MA-02: 56.2%O/41.6%M; 43.0%D
MA-03: 58.0%O/40.3%M; 44.7%D
MA-04: 58.5%O/39.8%M; 46.7%D
MA-05: 73.6%O/24.7%M; 66.5%D
MA-06: 57.8%O/40.6%M; 44.2%D
MA-07: 76.3%O/22.3%M; 68.7%D
MA-08: 56.2%O/42.0%M; 41.5%D
MA-09: 56.8%O/41.7%M; 45.1%D

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Comment Preferences

  •  Tip Jar (9+ / 0-)

    "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

    by KingofSpades on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 05:50:02 PM PST

  •  Wow. (6+ / 0-)

    The original gerrymander is ridiculously mild by today's standards.

    19, FL-07 (school), MD-07 (home). UCF sophomore, politically ambitious, vocally liberal--what else could you need to know?

    by tqycolumbia on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 06:42:08 PM PST

  •  Court map (5+ / 0-)

    Counties mean absolutely nothing in Massachusetts, other than really the courts. A commission wouldn't give a damn about county lines like you do.

    Your third district makes no sense. Merrimack Valley towns+MetroWest? Why? Also, why split Lawrence and Lowell?

    Also, why mix western Franklin County (basically the Berkshires) with Worcester Counties like that? That's just partisan.

    Any real fair map draws a South Coast+Cape district.

    District 8 should have an arm into Southie and the Irish parts of Dorchester and shouldn't go into Chestnut Hill.

    This is the best "fair" MA map I've seen, drawn by RRH mod BostonPatriot. I've spent a fair amount of time in MA and have even canvassed there (for Richard Tisei). It's a nice effort and I'm glad you published it, but your third map just fails my sniff test.

    http://www.redracinghorses.com/...

    Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

    by IllinoyedR on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 06:53:57 PM PST

    •  That map is a little too R friendly and it shows (4+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      KingofSpades, NYFM, Massr, atdnext

      in districts 2, 3, and 9 especially, but whatever, it just proves the point that even an R-friendly "commission" map is still going to result in 9 Democrats in anything other than a 2010 wave or challengers getting their shit together when running against Tierney. Even that 58% R seat, while easily won by Brown is still going to have gone Dem in 2012. All of the Massachusetts Dems ran significantly ahead of Obama save for Tierney and even with his "scandal" he only ran a few points behind.

      Not to say I'm disagreeing with your criticism of KoS map since yes, the Merrimack Valley in particular is eyebrow raising, but there are certainly other ways to draw the state than BostonPatriot did and if you split the difference between his map and my map you get 8 solidly Dem seats given incumbency and then John Tierney by himself.

      •  Yeah, I and I'm no expert. (4+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        IllinoyedR, Massr, atdnext, Marcus Graly

        I was giving it my best.

        "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

        by KingofSpades on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 07:47:26 PM PST

        [ Parent ]

        •  Yeah, and I appreciate that (1+ / 0-)
          Recommended by:
          KingofSpades

          Sorry if I sounded harsh. I was just pointing out what I didn't like. At the same time, other than giving Somerville to the 7th (which seems to have been done because Capuano lives there), your map inside 495 is actually pretty good.

          Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

          by IllinoyedR on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 07:58:13 PM PST

          [ Parent ]

          •  I added a revised fair map as an update (0+ / 0-)

            at the end of the diary.

            "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

            by KingofSpades on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 02:42:48 PM PST

            [ Parent ]

            •  I like very much your diary (0+ / 0-)

              I think your revision of the fair map is less fair than your first fair map. I think Massr and IllinoyedR are driving your new revision to a more Republican map. It is obvious looking at the PVI of the districts of booth maps.

              I like very much your diary.

      •  I like yours too (2+ / 0-)
        Recommended by:
        KingofSpades, bumiputera

        With the exception of attaching Franklin County to Worcester. I'm not sure what this has become such common practice: of the three counties to Worcester's west, Franklin has the least in common with it and is also the most difficult to access from it. Berkshire is the most similar county to Franklin in the state. Hampden is the best partner for Worcester because both are suburban.

        My 3rd is very different than what most people draw (your 5th/6th/9th configuration is more common) but I was trying to keep the exurbs from being drowned out by the inner suburbs. It does work in Republicans' favor, but I also think it does a better job of keeping similar towns together, especially when you look at population density and income.

        My 9th isn't designed for a Republican as much as a Lynch-type conservadem. I doubt a Republican would be competitive there in the near future--all seats but the 3rd on my map are pretty safe for their Democratic incumbents.

        Former SSP Minority Whip

        by Massr on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 09:39:47 PM PST

        [ Parent ]

        •  I posted a revised fair map as an update (0+ / 0-)

          It's at the bottom of the diary now.

          "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

          by KingofSpades on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 02:43:26 PM PST

          [ Parent ]

        •  Of Course It's Partisan (0+ / 0-)

          However, you start with the idea that Western MA has around 150K more people than a CD, so the Central MA seat is going to have to include some of those areas.

          The options are :
          1. To get 150K people from the towns between Worcester and Springfield.
          2. To get 150K people from the Pioneer Valley  (basically the area around the Connecticut River upstream from Springfield.)

          Republicans would like option #1. That area, apart from heavily Hispanic Southbridge, is among the most Republican in the state, leaving Worcester mostly alone in a district with a bunch of towns that voted for Romney. Democrats went for Option #2 since the famously progressive Pioneer Valley is pretty much allergic to the GOP, a perfect fit for McGovern of course.  

          It's defensible on the following grounds, depending on your credulity:
          * The towns the Republicans would have liked to move from Neal to McGovern were mostly Neal's turf and had been thru at least two redistricting cycles. Neal gave up the Blackstone Valley but kept everything west of Webster.
          * Since there aren't a lot of people in this area, the Republicans would have had McGovern taking towns that belonged more naturally with a Springfield-based district rather than a Worcester-based one. (Of course lots of towns around Worcester had been with Neal and/or Olver, but that's because it's been a while since Western MA could really support two districts and they had to go somewhere.)
          * There's a pretty decent cultural gap between the Pioneer Valley and Greater Springfield. The former is a "wine track" area; the latter a "beer track" area.
          * The Pioneer Valley happens to have about 150K people in it. So it fits almost perfectly.

          And don't think counties. They mean next to nothing. Think regions and clusters, that basically always cross county lines. In less densely settled parts of the state, think regional school districts if you know them.  

          Stuck Between Stations : Thoughts from a bottomless pool of useless information.

          by Answer Guy on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 03:14:40 PM PST

          [ Parent ]

          •  I think you're misunderstanding Western MA (0+ / 0-)

            The "Pioneer Valley" that the state brands for tourism purposes is quite small and is comprised of central Hampshire County--the Five Colleges towns and a couple neighbors like Pelham.

            Outside of those towns, Hampshire and especially Franklin are fairly gritty and desolate places whose only comp is northern Berkshire (think North Adams, not the summer resort towns). This is anything but a wine-track area; it's almost more moonshine-track than beer-track.

            Regardless of what towns he takes, McGovern will be cutting into areas that belong more with Springfield than Worcester--the Central Mass/Western Mass divide is just about coterminous with Worcester County, a county whose borders actually mean something. It makes sense to keep the state's "Hill Country" together and give the stuff along the Mass Pike to McGovern, since those towns are easily accessed from Worcester and Springfield alike.

            Former SSP Minority Whip

            by Massr on Fri Feb 15, 2013 at 11:35:25 PM PST

            [ Parent ]

    •  Why did I cut Lynn from Lowell? (1+ / 0-)
      Recommended by:
      atdnext

      I said that I wanted the 6th to be all in Essex County and if I gave Lynn to the 3rd (which does make sense), it would have to leech into Middlesex County.  Also, I know too that Massachusetts has weak counties, but the neat freak in me wanted to see county lines obeyed to an extent.  Finally, why put Franklin with the second?  It's because I thought Amherst and Northampton ought to be in the same district as Springfield, then I went about putting all of Hampden County and most of Hampshire County in the 1st (again, neat freak) and I hit within 53 of ideal pop. without splitting towns after only adding two tiny towns from Franklin.

      "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

      by KingofSpades on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 10:55:02 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

    •  What did you think of my D and R gerrymanders? (0+ / 0-)

      "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

      by KingofSpades on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 10:56:42 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  Your maps (0+ / 0-)

        You split a lot of towns. That's fine in just about anywhere but New England. However, as a hypothetical gerrymander, they're surely effective maps. Tierney would be DOA; Keating would have major issues. Those areas both swung pretty hard towards Romney, Too. I'd venture to guess he won your MA-09.

        Here's my version of a MA Republican gerrymander. I also split a fair amount of towns. Perhaps I'll try to draw a gerrymander with fewer splits at some point and I'll post it.

        http://www.redracinghorses.com/...

        Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

        by IllinoyedR on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 09:12:04 AM PST

        [ Parent ]

    •  Sorry but you are driving the fair map to a (0+ / 0-)

      to a Republican Gerrymander. It is obvious, and it is not fair.

  •  Your MA GOP gerrymander is astonishingly (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    KingofSpades

    similar to mine!

    Mine has cleaner lines, but is probably less effective...

    Registered in NY-02, College CT-01, Spent most of the rest of my life on the border of NY-08 and NY-15

    by R30A on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 08:10:08 PM PST

  •  Nice map (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    KingofSpades

    but try to remember to turn off vote district lines, at least when showing a statewide view.

    •  I didn't for the last map (0+ / 0-)

      because I realized I hated that, when I turned off voting district lines, that you couldn't make out the shape of Cape Cod, Dukes County, and Nantucket.

      "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

      by KingofSpades on Wed Feb 13, 2013 at 10:58:45 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

  •  MA is just so fun... (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    KingofSpades

    To redistrict. I may have to try it soon. I especially like your "fair map", since it shows how Dems can still sweep the seats without a gruesome gerrymander.

    (While I do NOT favor "unilateral disarmament", I do hope the day will eventually come when we won't have to endure gerrymanders skewing the will of the voters in any state.)

  •  Your revision (0+ / 0-)

    All in all, your revision is much, much better. I'll leave a more detailed response after the weekly Haverford College Republicans dinner I'm about to head to. Can you post the partisan numbers for each of the districts?

    Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

    by IllinoyedR on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 02:59:47 PM PST

    •  Here they are: (0+ / 0-)

      MA-01: 69.0%O/28.9%M; 60.8%D
      MA-02: 56.2%O/41.6%M; 43.0%D
      MA-03: 58.0%O/40.3%M; 44.7%D
      MA-04: 58.5%O/39.8%M; 46.7%D
      MA-05: 73.6%O/24.7%M; 66.5%D
      MA-06: 57.8%O/40.6%M (bluer than the real 6th by a point or two); 44.2%D
      MA-07: 76.3%O/22.3%M; 68.7%D
      MA-08: 56.2%O/42.0%M; 41.5%D
      MA-09: 56.8%O/41.7%M; 45.1%D

      Giving Fall River and Taunton to the 9th, as you suggested, would of course make it bluer and probably out of reach for Republicans for the most part, but put the 8th genuinely in play.

      "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

      by KingofSpades on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 06:27:12 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  Revere (0+ / 0-)

        BTW, I forgot to say that blue collar Revere belongs with the Boston district and not MA-06.

        Other than that, Richard Tisei may have had ironically an easier time in this MA-06 (if you take my suggestion and take out Revere, which no one actually considers the Nawth Shaw) because it contained all of his SD and not half of it. He absolutely destroyed John Tierney in the towns from his old SD in MA-06.

        That being said, Revere wouldn't make a HUGE difference (though it is trending D very quickly).

        Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

        by IllinoyedR on Fri Feb 15, 2013 at 10:07:54 PM PST

        [ Parent ]

  •  The revision (1+ / 0-)
    Recommended by:
    KingofSpades

    Districts that are pretty much perfect:
    *MA-01
    *MA-02
    *MA-03
    *MA-05
    *MA-06

    Critiques:
    Fall River and Taunton should be in with MA-09 and the South Shore should be given to MA-08 or MA-04. If you gave Hingham through Scituate or maybe Duxbury to MA-04, you could give MA-08 more Norfolk County exurbs and make MA-08 more of a thoroughly exurban district. I do like that you gave Milton to the Boston district. Milton's an interesting town... a fair amount of minorities, wealthy white liberals, some blue collar parts, and some fairly middle class, Catholic parts.

    Again, a court or commission wouldn't give Somerville to MA-07, but that's small potatoes.

    All and all, your revised map is a good map.

    Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

    by IllinoyedR on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 05:11:28 PM PST

    •  I didn't give Somerville to MA-07. (0+ / 0-)

      It's ALL of Boston plus Chelsea, Winthrop, Milton, Dedham, and two Needham precincts.

      "Each player must accept the cards life deals him or her: but once they are in hand, he or she alone must decide how to play the cards in order to win the game." -Voltaire

      by KingofSpades on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 06:20:44 PM PST

      [ Parent ]

      •  My bad! (0+ / 0-)

        My quick initial glance led me to see the western portion of Boston as Somerville, but I see you're right. Right on, MA-07 is fine in this map.

        Home: North Shore of Illinois, College: Main Line of Pennsylvania (PA-07)

        by IllinoyedR on Thu Feb 14, 2013 at 07:38:06 PM PST

        [ Parent ]

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